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Gateway to the EU

In this, section you will find information and links to the EU institutions and agencies. For more information please go to below links.

 

European Union

The EU is a unique economic and political partnership between 27 European countries that together cover much of the continent.

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EU Presidents

The 3 main institutions of the EU are each headed by a president.

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The Council of the European Union

The Council is the EU's main decision-making body

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The European Parliament

Directly elected by EU voters every 5 years, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represent the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union ('the Council').

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The European Commission

The European Commission represents the interests of the EU as a whole. It proposes new legislation to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, and it ensures that EU law is correctly applied by member countries.

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The European Court of Auditors

The European Court of Auditors audits EU finances. Its role is to improve EU financial management and report on the use of public funds. It was set up in 1975 and is based in Luxembourg.

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The Court of Justice

The Court of Justice interprets EU law to make sure it is applied in the same way in all EU countries. It also settles legal disputes between EU governments and EU institutions. Individuals, companies or organisations can also bring cases before the Court if they feel their rights have been infringed by an EU institution.

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European Economic and Social Committee

Representatives of Europe's employers, workers and other interest groups can express their views on EU issues through the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). It is a consultative assembly, issuing opinions to the larger institutions – in particular the Council, the Commission and the European Parliament.

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Committee of the Regions

The Committee of the Regions is an advisory body representing local and regional authorities in the European Union.

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European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB, based in Frankfurt, Germany) manages the euro – the EU's single currency – and safeguards price stability in the EU.

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European Investment Bank

The European Investment Bank is owned by the 27 EU countries. It borrows money on the capital markets and lends it at a low interest rate to projects that improve infrastructure, energy supply or environmental standards both inside the EU and in neighbouring or developing countries.

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European Investment Fund

The European Investment Fund (EIF) was set up in 1994 to help small businesses. Its majority shareholder is the European Investment Bank, with which it forms the ‘EIB Group’.

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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) was established to help build a new, post-Cold War era in Central and Eastern Europe. It has since played a historic role and gained unique expertise in fostering change in the region - and beyond.

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